A toothache is a common problem, especially during the holidays, which can be prevented with good oral hygiene.
Dental pain occurs when the tooth pulp is exposed or inflamed. The dental pulp is the internal area of the tooth that is covered by a layer of dentin and then by a thick, visible layer called enamel that is rich in minerals. Dental pain may occur even if only the superficial enamel layer is damaged which exposes the dentin.
It is very important to go to the dentist at the time of the dental pain so that he/she discovers the cause and applies appropriate treatment to relieve the discomfort and prevent major problems. More valuable info here.
Causes of Dental Pain:
1. Cavities – These are the most common cause of a toothache. Cavities are formed when bacteria in the mouth break down sugars into acids that, in combination with saliva, dissolve enamel and dentin. If not treated, it penetrates deeply into the tooth until the pulp is exposed.
When food remains in large cavities, toxins secreted by bacteria inflame the pulp. Therefore, it is advisable to use the Oral B Satin dental floss that reaches hard to access areas by removing food debris from the interdental spaces.
Small pitches can be obturated, but profound caries may require normal treatment or a dental crown. If the dental pulp is infected, it is necessary to fill the canal or possibly to a tooth extraction.
Caries may cause a high sensitivity to sweetness, hot or cold. If it gets to the dental pulp, the pain is permanent. If an abscess occurs it is accompanied by stinging pain, inflammation, a bitter taste in the mouth and bad breath.
2. Gingival Diseases – These involve gum inflammation and bone damage around the teeth. Gingival disease occurs when the bacterial plaque produces toxins that irritate the gum. The first symptom of this disease is gingival bleeding, which ultimately produces inflammation and painful infections.
A real help in preventing the deposition of bacterial plaque is the use of the proper brush. The toothbrush Oral B Pro Flex has two flexible parts that act individually to help remove the debris that can form the bacterial plaque.
In the first step, gingival diseases are treated by removing the bacterial plaque. In more advanced stages, subgingival scraping and subgingival surgery are required. In extreme cases – when much bone has been lost – extraction is required.
3. Dental Sensitivity – Occurs when the gum retraction causes the tooth root exposure. Pain occurs with hot or cold foods. The doctor can treat this condition with a special toothpaste or fluoride gel.
If the dental pulp is affected, it is necessary to fill the canal. Expert Sensitive blend-a-Med toothpaste can be the perfect solution for sensitive teeth. It provides protection against pain caused by dental sensitivity.
4. A Broken Tooth – Trauma orbiting of a hard object/food may result in tooth cracks. Using or touching the cracked tooth causes a sharp pain. The problem can be solved with a dental crown, but if the dental pulp has been exposed to the infection, it is necessary to fill the canal.
5. Obturations – Pain can also occur after a cavity has been filled. This is caused by the fact that the tooth was also affected by the cavity and, as a result, it is necessary to close the canal. Pain can also be caused by the accumulation of fluid with organic impurities between the filling and the tooth. Old obturations can be damaged which causes pain as well.
6. Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction – This condition is a painful inflammation in the place where the mandible is connected to the skull. Pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including arthritis, facial trauma and bruxism (gnashing of teeth).
The muscle spasms around the temporomandibular joint may cause difficulty in opening the mouth, as well as in the head, neck, jaw, teeth, and ears.
The pain caused by temporomandibular joint dysfunction can be improved by anti-inflammatory medication or by applying warm, moist compresses to relax the muscles. It is also beneficial to reduce stress, eat soft foods and rest.
7. Molars of the Mind – The appearance of brain warts can cause pain when they are not properly aligned or when recessed into the mandible and may require surgical extraction.
8. Tooth Loss Through Trauma – If you have suffered a severe blow and a tooth has fallen out or is very loose then keep your tooth wet (preferably in your mouth) and go to your doctor right away. The tooth can be saved.
9. Oral Cancer – Some oral cancers can start with jaw pain, which resembles a toothache.
1. The most important thing in prevention is keeping good oral hygiene. This includes brushing your teeth at least twice a day and using dental floss at least once a day.
2. Using antiseptic mouthwashes that kill bacteria responsible for bad breath, cavities and gingivitis.
3. Keeping a balanced diet while reducing foods with sugar and starch that can cause dental caries.
4. Avoid snacks between meals – This usually predisposes tooth decay because it does not allow the pH of the mouth to normalize.
5. Avoid energy and acidic beverages – They contain phosphoric, citric and organic acid that damages teeth. To limit the effect of these drinks you can drink with a straw.
6. Do not smoke – In addition to tooth decay, smoking affects the gums by reducing the blood supply. Another effect is bad breath.
7. Visit the dentist regularly every 3-6 months. He may notice dental problems in time, which would otherwise progress without symptoms.
8. Oral piercings (in tongue or lips) can cause allergic reactions, infections, tongue nerve damage, and gum disease.
There are many causes of toothaches as well as many different solutions to them. The main key thing is to get to a dentist as soon as you feel pain to determine the cause and fix it before it gets worse. You also want to ensure you are doing regular preventive treatment to prevent the toothache from occurring all together.